Tips for Drafting a Small Claims Action in Ontario


Small claims court provides a cost-effective and accessible way to resolve disputes in Ontario. Whether you are a plaintiff seeking to recover a debt or a defendant responding to a claim, preparing a well-structured small claims action is crucial. In this blog post, we’ll provide valuable tips to help you draft a small claims action in Ontario effectively. If you require legal assistance or guidance throughout the process, please contact Falcon Law PC at 1-877-892-7778 or reach out via email at

1. Understand the Jurisdiction of Small Claims Court:

Small claims court in Ontario handles civil disputes involving claims of $35,000 or less. It is essential to determine if your case falls within the jurisdiction of small claims court before initiating a claim.

2. Gather Essential Information:

Collect all relevant information, documents, and evidence related to your case. This may include contracts, invoices, receipts, correspondence, and witness statements. Organize these documents in a clear and chronological manner.

3. Complete the Plaintiff’s Claim Form:

To initiate a small claims action, you’ll need to complete the Plaintiff’s Claim Form (Form 7A), which can be obtained from the Small Claims Court website or in person at the court office. Provide accurate details about the parties involved, the nature of the claim, and the amount being sought.

4. Be Clear and Concise:

When drafting your Plaintiff’s Claim Form, use clear and concise language. Avoid legal jargon and ensure that your statements are easy to understand. State the facts of your case logically and in a chronological order.

5. Specify the Relief Sought:

Clearly outline what you are seeking from the court, whether it’s the recovery of a debt, compensation for damages, or specific performance of a contract. Include the exact dollar amount you are claiming, including any interest.

6. Serve the Defendant:

Once you have completed the Plaintiff’s Claim Form, you must serve it on the defendant. Follow the appropriate service procedures outlined in the Rules of the Small Claims Court. Ensure that you keep proof of service for your records.

7. Prepare for the Settlement Conference:

After the defendant has been served, both parties will attend a mandatory settlement conference. Be prepared to discuss your case with the defendant and a settlement conference officer. Be open to settlement discussions but also be ready to present your case if a settlement is not reached.

8. Attend the Hearing:

If a settlement is not achieved at the settlement conference, your case will proceed to a hearing. Be well-prepared for the hearing by bringing all relevant documents and witnesses. Present your case clearly and follow court procedures.

9. Keep Detailed Records:

Throughout the process, maintain detailed records of all interactions, communications, and expenses related to your small claims action. This documentation can be valuable in presenting your case.

10. Seek Legal Advice:

While small claims court is designed to be accessible for individuals without legal representation, seeking legal advice from professionals like Falcon Law PC can help you navigate complex issues, improve your chances of success, and ensure your rights are protected.


Drafting a small claims action in Ontario requires careful preparation, attention to detail, and adherence to court procedures. By following these tips and seeking legal guidance when needed, you can increase the likelihood of a successful outcome in your small claims case. If you require legal assistance or have questions about your small claims action, please contact Falcon Law PC at 1-877-892-7778 or email us at We are here to support you throughout the small claims process and help you achieve a favorable resolution to your dispute.

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