Understanding the Purpose of a Unanimous Shareholder Agreement: Insights from Toronto Corporate Lawyers

Introduction: In the realm of corporate law, a unanimous shareholder agreement (USA) serves as a crucial tool to govern the relationship between shareholders in a corporation. This legally binding agreement outlines the rights, obligations, and responsibilities of the shareholders and provides a framework for decision-making within the company. In this blog post, Falcon Law PC, a trusted team of Toronto corporate lawyers, sheds light on the purpose and significance of a unanimous shareholder agreement.

For expert guidance and assistance in drafting or reviewing a unanimous shareholder agreement, please contact Falcon Law PC at 1-877-892-7778 or info@falconlawyers.ca.

  1. Defining the Unanimous Shareholder Agreement: A unanimous shareholder agreement is a contract entered into by all shareholders of a corporation, binding them to specific provisions and governing their relationships. It goes beyond the provisions outlined in the corporation’s articles of incorporation or bylaws and allows shareholders to customize their rights and obligations to meet their unique needs.
  2. Protecting Shareholder Interests: One of the primary purposes of a unanimous shareholder agreement is to protect the interests of the shareholders. By outlining rights and obligations, the agreement ensures that shareholders have a say in important decisions and provides mechanisms to resolve disputes effectively. It can address matters such as the transfer of shares, voting rights, dividend distribution, and the appointment of directors, among others.
  3. Tailoring Governance and Decision-Making: A unanimous shareholder agreement allows shareholders to customize the governance structure and decision-making processes of the corporation. It provides flexibility in setting out how decisions will be made, who has voting rights, and under what circumstances certain actions can be taken. This customization ensures that the corporation operates in a manner that aligns with the shareholders’ collective vision and objectives.
  4. Ensuring Continuity and Stability: In situations where a corporation has multiple shareholders, a unanimous shareholder agreement can play a crucial role in ensuring continuity and stability. It can establish procedures for dispute resolution, succession planning, and the transfer of shares. By addressing these aspects in advance, the agreement helps minimize conflicts and disruptions that may arise due to changes in shareholder composition or unforeseen circumstances.
  5. Limiting the Powers of the Board of Directors: A unanimous shareholder agreement can also restrict the powers of the board of directors. It can establish specific matters that require shareholder approval, limiting the authority of the board in making decisions that significantly impact the corporation. This provision helps maintain a balance of power between the shareholders and the directors and allows for greater shareholder involvement in key decisions.

Conclusion: A unanimous shareholder agreement is a powerful legal tool that allows shareholders to customize their rights and responsibilities within a corporation. It protects shareholder interests, tailors governance and decision-making processes, ensures continuity, and may limit the powers of the board of directors. Consulting with experienced Toronto corporate lawyers, such as Falcon Law PC, can help ensure that your unanimous shareholder agreement is comprehensive, legally sound, and aligned with your objectives.

For expert legal advice and assistance in drafting or reviewing a unanimous shareholder agreement, please contact Falcon Law PC at 1-877-892-7778 or info@falconlawyers.ca. Our team of dedicated professionals is ready to support you in navigating the complexities of corporate law.

For inquiries or further assistance, please contact us using the information below.

Talk to us now at

Book a consultation fast and easy